Antonia Lombardo

  • Stockton Obermeyer
    American Civil War
    Assignment 6 Part 2

    I believe that the Union was not justified in hanging Beall as a spy. It could be argued that any captured confederate soldier had committed treason, […]

  • Stockton Obermeyer
    Civil War
    Assignment 6 Part 1

    John Beall Notes:
    • Confederate
    • Accused of being a spy
    • Captured two steam boats and sunk one
    • Wanted to launch privateers onto the great lakes to disr […]

  • Notes on John Y Beall

    John Y. Beall was a man from the confederate army who was accused of being a spy
    Charges and Specifications Against John Y Beall

    Unlawfully seized and captured the Steamboat […]

  • In the case of John Y. Beall, I assume the stance that although his actions proved that he was indeed a spy, the extremes that the United States Government took upon his persons does not equate to the treachery […]

  • Notes on Beall

    Charges against Beall included that he captured the Steamboat Philo Parsons as well as capturing and sinking the Steamboat the Island Queens, acting as a spy, and carrying unlawful warfare. […]

  • John Yates Beall


    The trial is about a man of the Confederate army acting as a spy and is on Trial in New York City
    Was in the infantry in Virginia and issued a plan to launch Privateers at the Great […]

  • Beall should not have been executed as a spy or guerilla. Instead he should have been treated as a prisoner of war because he was acting on orders from the confederate military.

    The government witnesses all […]

  • For the project, the items I am examining are slave narratives on website by several different slaves. This is one of my primary sources. These narratives show forth the knowledge of former slaves having […]

  • Stockton Obermeyer

    Civil War

    June 15th 2017


    Assignment 5


    Key Findings:

    Thomas Nast was a very prominent political cartoonist during the civil war era and he wrote many cartoons for the w […]

    • Using a political cartoon was a great idea! There is an abundant amount of information out there and the political commentary is very important to the ideology of the public at the time. My advice to you would be to implement how the cartoon was an expression of the greater public. The media has always been an outlet for the public to display their true feelings when the government and the governmental regulations did not truly reflect that. The media’s messages were more important in discerning true public perception.

    • I really like the direction you’re taking your thesis. I think including something about a picture being worth a thousand words is clever, and also very accurate. I also agree with you in that I think you should do something other than a traditional paper. It would be hard to fully grasp all aspects of the cartoon in a paper. Using different political cartoons from the civil war era and comparing them to yours will help to paint a complete picture.

  • As I have been doing research for my project I have confirmed my initial belief that Abraham Lincoln from the beginning through the end had the desires and intentions to protect the union. I have been looking […]

    • Lincoln’s position of ending slavery to help the union and not because he was an abolitionist is similar to the position of union soldiers. After reading letters written by soldiers it seems like they supported freeing slaves because they believed it would help win the war.

    • I opened some sources you post. I found they are very interesting. Those sources provide me with a deeper understanding about the social position of black soldiers during that period. There is no doubt that Lincoln made a great contribution to abolish slavery. He tried to give slaves freedom and change their living condition.

    • It will be interesting reading your final post. There has been so many conflicting accounts of what Lincoln’s true motives were. I honestly can say that I have no idea as to what the truth really is however your project has me interested and I will have to do some research about this as well.

    • You mention that Lincoln’s main priority was maintaining the Union, and ending slavery was more or less a by product of the war. From heard and read in the past, I think this is true. But I’m curious, if based on your research, how strongly do you think Lincoln felt about slavery. Did you think he viewed it more as a legal issue or moral issue?

    • Anne,

      I would certainly agree with your statement that Lincoln’s main focus was to keep the Union from collapsing. I never saw Lincoln as having a very strong moral ideology regarding whether or not slavery was acceptable, but I believe that – through his speeches – it is highly apparent that Lincoln’s main goal was to assure the security of the United States and, given slavery was the massive force that had been creating conflict throughout the Union, he was required to pick a side and do what he could to abolish it to keep a universality among the people.

    • I think this is a wonderful idea and very unique! I love Abraham Lincoln and your ideas seem to formulate on his achievements and successes as a human and a president. I think Lincoln is a great inspiration especially in today’s government of having a leader lead two very split nations so selflessly and honorably. Your ideas seem to showcase his honorable intentions. Perhaps you could focus your thesis a bit more, as it seems a bit broad where you stand now and it might make it difficult to elaborate beyond the basics. Perhaps add in influences Lincoln had and challenges that proved particularly harsh. Also, the North and the South’s perception of him and the changes he was to bring about would be especially important to discuss. All just suggestions, but great work so far!

  • After the Civil War ended and Abraham Lincoln was shot and killed, Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency and faced the daunting task of reuniting the Union and Confederacy. In doing so, he first appointed military […]

    • For my ISS class last year we read “The New Jim Crow”, written by Michelle Alexander, which shows how Jim Crow laws have evolved into present day. If you wanted to include what these laws transformed into for your project that book may be interesting to look into!

    • I had never heard of the Black Codes until this so this is pretty interesting. So basically the black codes only put a more formal title on black people but they were still treated like slaves?

    • I read that whites in the south, post civil war, did things to keep former slaves from getting ahead. For example, a former slave that worked as a tenant farmer had little opportunity for improving his standard of living. The property owner would require crops to be planted right up to the door of the tenant’s home, leaving no space for the tenant to plant a garden of his own. This would force the tenant to have to purchase food which was an expense they couldn’t afford. By keeping such tight control over what former slaves could do, served to keep them poor and dependent.
      African Diaspora Archaeology Newsletter, Vol. 12 (2009)

    • The aftermath of the abolition of slavery is something I never really payed attention to, my attention was always focused on the bigger picture of reconstruction, I had no idea each state instituted its own “black codes”. It goes to show that even though slavery had come to an end, blacks still had a long and hard road ahead of them.

    • It is not so very suprising at all that their were codes in which to enforce the assurance of supremacy over blacks. We have the issue of race even today. The installment that white was superior has been an issue immediately after the war and still is in present day. There are still laws and stereotypes that hinder the progression and flexibility of other races such as racial profiling and what is perceived “beautiful”

    • Reconstruction wasn’t ever focused on much in my history classes, so learning about it now is really fascinating. The fact that slavery was abolished didn’t change much for African-Americans at the time, and learning about the many ways that each state kept them down will be interesting.

    • The part that I found most interesting about your research was the part about the main purpose of the black codes were to limit labor. I had heard of the black codes before and other measures to hold them back socially and economically, but I though the main focus of the laws were to hinder them legally and civically. I thought their economic struggles were more de facto but I find it interesting that your research proved otherwise.



    “My intention for the final project is to analyze how literature of this era conceptualizes our understanding of the war and reconstruction. I want to be able to compare at least 4 different types of nov […]

    • Of the diaries that you read for your project, did they explain who these people were? It would be interesting to see as many different sides to this war as possible, from soldiers, civilians and slaves alike.

    • Gone With the Wind is probably the most famous literature of the civil war and I am looking forward to seeing what you discover, as it is one of my favorite movies. The story is, without a doubt, told from the white perspective in which it romanticizes the antebellum south and portrays the slaves as simple minded children who need their white “masters” to take care of them. Scarlett is a very interesting character. She’s the patriarch of her family which includes her plantation slaves who are portrayed as loving and devoted to her. When watching the movie, I can’t help but to find it quite comical which I am not sure was what Margaret Mitchell had intended.

    • Literature can be effected a lot by different cultures. So how literature manipulate our sympathies and perception of actual history and the struggle to freedom can ben analized with the culture which relevant. And I realize you discovered the reasearchi in North and South parts. It could be really interested to see how different they were and what were the different effects they made.

    • Literature during wartime always fascinates me yet I’ve never read any from the Civil War. More interesting would be to see what came out from the side of the Confederacy.

  • The engraving I chose, as stated before, is an engraving by Winslow Homer that depicts the work done by women during the Civil War.  Using this image as a jumping off point, I then went on to find secondary […]

    • Similar to WWII I think the civil war exposed many women to life outside the traditional household. As the men went to fight, many women entered the workforce as well as acting as nurses aiding the injured in hospitals.

    • I agree with you that war put women into a different and tough living condition. They had to do a lot more than in normal life. I think this is a good point to be researched and studied. It can reflect a different perspective about civil war.

    • This is a great topic to research on! Not many times have I ever heard about the importance of woman during the Civil War, but woman had to have played an important role. This is something I am definitely interested in reading about and will no doubt be looking into these things in my freetime!

    • I look forward to learning from your final project. Women’s role in the Civil War is something that I believe tends to be overlooked when compared to wars such as WWII. Where I feel like I have a general knowledge of the important roles women played in WWII I also feel like that same personal knowledge is missing for the Civil War.

    • This is quite an interesting topic to do your final project on. I think that the role women play in most wars is often overlooked or looked at in a very narrow or limited way. What I found particularly interesting about your post was that you mentioned that the women who could afford it took a more political role. I did not expect that; I had assumed it was just older men who served that. This was interesting to learn.

  • When considering the technologies of the war, I do not plan to explore simply the positive and negative effects of the railroad, rifles, and ironclads. I want to reveal the behind-the-scenes of technology- how the […]

    • I find this to be quite a fitting option for the times. In a world of industrial innovation and evolution on the rise, I think that this is quite a fantastic research topic. It’s astonishing to hear how easily engineers were replaced and I would like to hear a little bit more about the qualifications.

  • Source 1: Secondary

    “John Ericsson.” Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., vol. 5, Gale, 2004, pp. 307-308. Gale Virtual Reference L […]

  • While doing research regarding the economic effects of the Civil war on both the north and south I found that both parts of the country were profoundly affected and that the Civil war essentially defined the […]

    • In my common sense about the impact of the wars, especailly the Civial War, no matter the infrastructural damage or the national debt, the ripple effects for the economy was obviously. Economy reconstruction could also be an important issue faced by the country. But actually, destruction is alwasy accompany with reborn. Big changes can also bring big chances for the nation. The differences can also be an angle to see the impact on the econimic issues which brought from the war.

    • I had never realized quite how expensive the war was when initially learning about it. Its truly astounding to think about how much of a debt that was especially in comparison to what things cost in todays times. The American Dollar almost had a different value back then because prices were so much lower so I think it would be very interesting to try and discover that if the Civil War had been fought exactly the same but today how much it would cost. It also would be really interesting to discuss some exact correlations between economic trends today that spiral from the economy of America post Civil War.

    • I hadn’t known before reading this that the Union soldiers received pensions but the Southern soldiers did not. This makes sense because they were the enemy, but it is not always a good idea to create such high tensions between the winning side and the losing side. This happened after WWI and led to WWII, thankfully we didn’t have a second civil war, but the sides of the country still have a divide even today.

    • Learning about economic changes brought about by the civil war that you motioned was very interesting. I did not know the impact the civil war had on how taxes where levied and who they were levied on. I found this to be very insightful in helping understand why things are the way they are today. If only our debt was 2.7 billion today…

  • My paper will explore how union soldiers were affected by changes in the war and responded to struggles while focusing on the experiences of Oliver Norton. He served from 1861-1865 first with the 83rd regiment, […]

    • I think it is a really good idea to focus on one soldier’s experiences, that way you can get first hand information on that particular infantry. A possibility which may add to your project is maybe including a solider from the confederacy to focus on too, maybe not as much as Oliver Norton but enough to show if the war experiences was different or similar for both sides.

    • It is very interesting to hear that the soldiers were extremely happy when they knew a battle was coming. If I had been in the war I would’ve been terrified all the time thinking about getting shot or killed and certainly not hoping for a battle.

  • I chose to follow Col. George F. McGinnis who led the Eleventh Indiana Infantry. In McGinnis’ report he stated movements of the infantry, for example that they took position to the left of Thompson’s ninth Indiana […]

    • I totally understand your struggle to pin point the location of the narrator for the report because I struggled with the same issue. It seems as if many of these maps were written so that the people who were involved and in command were able to understand where each man was because they had a briefing where all the troops and their “squadrons” would be.

    • Hi Anne!

      I had a similar struggle with you as to placing the Brigade at specific points on the map based on his accounts. The only reason I could pinpoint him exactly was because of the interactive map. I find it impressive how much you did find out about his movements just off of his accounts. Some were not as detailed. However, the primary maps are not very detailed so perhaps back then they did not know we would ever be able to precisely pinpoint their locations.

    • I too struggled with finding the troops I originally decided to track. I actually struggled so much so that I decide to look at a map first, and identify troops that I could find a battle report for. I didn’t need to do this but I did. It just goes to show the struggle of patching an accurate image together using these old primary sources.

  • I followed the battle path of Colonel Abraham Hare of the USA. I could track the path of Hare from his detailed descriptions: The South pursues the Union, the North withstands continuous attack until ammunition […]

    • Similar to you, I found the primary maps to be very useful in finding the specific landmarks mentioned in the reports. As time passes names change as well as the landscape making newer maps somewhat harder to follow when going off a first hand report written freshly after the battle took place.

    • I thought what you said about gathering more information was interesting- more contradictions. There are so many different ways to tell the same story. I agree with you in that it would create difficulties for historians to gather accurate information.

    • Originally, in my blog post, I wrote that having more reports to read would be better to confirm what another report was saying, but I think you have a point that this could lead to more difficulties in tracking a unit. Even if one report contradicts another, it is hard to know which is the true account, especially when you take in factors like the condition of the solider writing the report or how long after the battle the report was written.

    • I fully agree with your historical statement. With differing narratives within various infantries and maps not always following a single narrative as well, it is difficult to determine exactly what the “right answer” may be. This is why I find history to be more subjective rather than objective due to the fact that there are so many resources that can build upon how we view history.

    • In your post, I think you made a very good statement that different narratives can tell different stories on the same thing. The reason is that they add some personal or subjective feelings towards the same story. Therefore, we may read different stories on the same fact. It is very difficult for us to determine who told the truth or whose stories are the most close to the truth.

    • I think your point about how having more sources can actually lead to discrepancies is very interesting. It is often assumed that the more information we know about a topic the better but in a case like the one you suggested it would in fact hinder historians work. The physical or mental state of whoever is reporting the event is also a very important consideration.

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